Siri, Alexa and Co – How will artificial intelligence change our lives?
Artificial intelligence, another myth of our time: intriguing and enriching on the one hand, on the other hand, the fact that computers and machines can learn by themselves and adapt their behavior to human specifications also creates a slightly queasy feeling. Because let’s be honest: The modern computer systems are getting better and are already partly superior to us – in the summer of 2019, a computer defeated five professional poker players at once. In chess, probably the most popular brain teaser, the duel between man and machine is already a classic. So how does AI change our life? And what if AI is suddenly superior to us?
Self-Thinking Computers and Robots: What is AI?
Artificial intelligence is in almost every software today, but it’s not always obvious at first glance. AI is about recreating human perception and action through machines. Whether it’s a thinking computer or an autonomous robot, AI’s field of application has expanded in recent years. What began as a science of computer programming in the US in the early to mid-1950s can now be understood as research on human thought. While scientists initially hoped for a major breakthrough, a general problem solver, so to speak, today’s research interest is pragmatic in nature: Ultimately, AI is all about finding the best solution to a specific human problem.
❞ Artificial intelligence is the science of making machines that that would require intelligence if done by men. ❝
— Marvin Minsky, Founding Father of Artificial Intelligence (1966)
Where is artificial intelligence inside?
KI is therefore mainly used in small areas such as medicine, the automotive industry or children’s toys such as board and computer games, mini-robots or Tamagotchis. In medicine, for example, KI creates new treatment methods, e.g. for the early detection of diseases or the creation of personalized therapy models. So-called expert systems make it possible to convert computed tomographic images on the computer screen into three-dimensional images. This gives doctors the opportunity to get an accurate picture of a part of the body. Whether KI systems in the end may even be a substitute for human physicians?
In fact, there are studies that claim that artificial intelligence now recognizes illness as well as a specialist. However, since many of the studies show weaknesses in the amount of data or treatment, the question of the actual competence of AI in medicine remains uncertain. And yet KI intervenes in many areas of our lives. Smart home systems like Alexa and Siri have long since determined our everyday lives, there are soccer-playing robots and even autonomous driving is becoming a reality. The rapid development of computer-controlled machines is raising more and more questions. Above all, the question: Are the technologies of our time gradually turning over our heads?
How intelligent is artificial intelligence actually?
It is hardly possible to create an autonomous machine without first having grasped and understood human thinking. When it comes to the question of when a machine is now considered intelligent, the research reaches its limits. The Turing test is regarded as the first and so far only attempt to create a functioning measuring instrument: A test person communicates with another person and a machine simultaneously over a longer period of time. The test person has neither visual nor hearing contact with the participants (for example via a chat program). If the test subject subsequently can not clearly determine who the person is and who the machine is, the test is passed and the machine is considered intelligent.
The issue: Since 1991, no machine has passed the test. So to come back to the question of whether machines are at least as good as humans: in some areas such as. In the automotive industry, which is much defined by assembly line work, or in the case of smart home technologies, artificial intelligence can certainly simplify our lives a lot. KI will continue to offer new opportunities in the future that will have a lasting impact on our lives. And yet we can not or do not want to imagine that computers and machines will eventually make us completely useless. For although humans are often described as comfortable or even lazy, they have at least a great self-preservation instinct as well.
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